Water flowing through the rivers and streams has been used to produce mechanical energy since a long time. Hydropower is a renewable source of energy that does not require any use of fuel. The water that vaporises from the lakes, rivers and oceans forms clouds. The condensed water that falls from the clouds in the forms of rain and snow collects in the rivers, lakes and oceans. This cycle is repeated again. A power surge protector is needed to protect the sensitive components of electrical and electronic devices.

Extra information about power surge protector

Hydroelectric Power

A hydroelectric system requires a continuous flowing water source to generate electricity. The amount of electricity that can be produced by such a power plant depends on the volume, flow speed and elevation level of the water. The mechanical energy of the flowing water is used to turn the blades of a turbine which in turn spins an electric generator to produce electricity.

Advantages of Hydropower

Electricity generation from a hydroelectric plant does not require any burning of fuel. It means minimal pollution. The water needed to produce electricity comes for free and moves on its own. Hydroelectric power helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The initial cost of building a large hydroelectric power plant is huge but once the structure has been built, its operational and maintenance costs are very low. It is a reliable technology that has proven its advantages over several decades. Once the energy stored in the water has been converted into electricity, this renewable energy can be used to run all types of things that require electricity.

Micro Hydropower Systems

Small hydropower plants generating less than 100kw are categorised as micro hydropower plants. A 10kw hydroelectric generator is sufficient to supply electricity to a large home. Its main components include the water channelling system, turbine, electricity generator, regulators and wiring. The water is channelled through the pipeline, channel or penstock to deliver the water to the generator. The flowing water is passed through a water wheel, pump or turbine to generate rotational energy. This energy is transformed into electricity with the help of a generator or alternator. A regulator is needed to control the generator. Wiring is used to deliver the electricity to the places where needed.

Protection of Vital Electrical Equipment

The electricity generated from a hydroelectric system is not immediately usable. It requires proper filtration to make it comply with the electricity supply standards. The DC electricity requires conversion in usable AC electricity. Users are advised to use a voltage spike protector to protect their sensitive electrical appliances and electronic equipment. Hydropower generation system needs proper insulation to protect all its parts from the extreme natural elements.